Selinunte was founded between 650 and 700 BC. by colonists from eastern Sicily in search of new lands who gave the name “Selinunte”, name that is derived from a quality of wild parsley (into greek sélinon), that grows wild along the banks of the nearby river. Selinunte had an intense but short life (about 200 years); in conflict with Segesta that during Selinunte’s expansion it saw a great threat to its survival, fought four wars against its rival that also involved Athens and Carthage. The intervention of the Carthaginian Hannibal in 409 BC., using ferocious measures, caused the destruction of the city that, although it was later rebuilt by Ermocrate and then by the Carthaginians themselves, managed to survive until the Second Punic War, when it was finally razed to the ground.
The Archaeological Park of Selinunte is the largest in Europe, preserves the colossal ruins of one of the most prosperous and important colonies of Magna Grecia. We can indicate 4 specific areas of the Park: the Acropolis, the village and two sanctuaries more distant, just across the river. By the coast there is the Acropolis, where are located 4 temples: temple D, temple C, temple B, temple A, temple O. On a hill situated to the east of the town are located 3 others temples: temple G, temple F, temple E. The temples are labeled with letters of the alphabet, because it is impossible to trace with certainty the original allocation of various deities.
The stone required to build the columns of these colossus was extracted from the Quarry of Cusa, 12 km from Selinunte. Here, it was extracting the columns for the Temple G, that it seems to have been suddenly abandoned in 480 BC., when Selinunte had to face the war against Carthage. The quarries were abandoned within a very short time and so the houses of those who worked there.
You can see the various stages of processing for the extraction of rocks of the columns and in the countryside, the materials already extracted ready to be transported to Selinunte.
Selinunte is one of the centers of greatest interest to researchers, archaeologists and visitors: for number of temples, sculptures, for the vastness of the necropolis; providing in the field of urban planning, architecture for temples, sculpture and funerary art a witness and an irreplaceable role in the history and archeology of the ancient world.